MS 436 - Traynor Collection
Scope and Contents
The scope of the collection is a poem narrative of a 1905 to the Yellowstone Park, 18 black and white photographs from around Northern Wyoming and a postcard, and a photograph album from a trip to Yellowstone Park.
- Created: 1905-1920
- Other: Majority of material found in 1905
- Other: Date acquired: 12/20/2012
- Martin, F.M. (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
McCracken Library staff may determine use restrictions dependent on the physical condition of manuscript materials. Restrictions may exist on reproduction, quotation or publication. Contact McCracken Research Library for more information.
Biographical or Historical Information
Frederick Hamilton Redington traveled annually by horses and wagons to Yellowstone from the Redington ranch in Shelton, Nebraska. An album was kept of the 1905 trip and a poem written by F.M. Martin of Maryville, Missouri. It appears the poem "A Trip through Yellow Stone Park, July 1905" was printed and possibly given to the group members.
According to the 1870 United States Census, Fred was born September 1843, in Amherst, Ohio to Jane Gillman Redington from England and Alexander H. Redington (tanner) of Massachusetts. Fred had 4 brothers and sisters; John (farm worker), Pamela E., Frank (farm worker), and Charles (Louis C.). They also lived with Jane's mother Mary Gillman born 1790, England. The 1880 United States Census has Fred listed as F.H., age 26, single, and a farmer in Amherst, Ohio. It states he lived with his sister Pamela, her husband Henry J. Jackson, and their daughter, Edith born in 1880.
Unfortunately, the majority of the 1890 United States Census was burned. Little is known of the family between 1880 and 1900. But, according to Fred's grandson, Ed Traynor, Fred's first wife was Phoebe Hargraves of Cody, Wyoming. Fred and Phoebe had at least one daughter, Arlie B. Redington Hargraves (Traynor), Ed's mother. Arlie was born December 24, 1889 in Nebraska and died in July 23, 1981 in Los Angeles, California.
The 1900 United States Census draws an interesting picture of the family living together in Omaha, Nebraska. Fred is listed as the head of the family and working as a sheep sales person for a livestock company. Also listed are Louis C. (brother), Alexander H. (father), Pamela E. Jackson (sister), Edith M. Jackson (daughter) and Arlita or Arlie Redington (daughter). Pamela E. Jackson, Fred, and their father, Alexander H. had all become widowers since 1880.
There is a mention in the poem of the Cottonwood Ranch and Hargraves Hotel. Reuben C. Hargraves was a wealthy wool producer that built a house in Cody, Wyoming in 1906, that still stands as a vaction home, called the Hargraves House. The Hargraves also owned the Cottonwood Ranch on Cottonwood Creek just north of Cody. It appears that Fred and Phoebe met prior to 1889. It is also possible that he knew of the lodging and ranch from the sheep raising connection. According to the historian of the Buffalo Bill Historical Center, the Hargraves moved to Lusk, Wyoming to raise sheep, prior to living in Cody. Lusk is located on a geographically reasonable route from Shelton, Nebraska to Cody, Wyoming. Maybe the two families met on the trail or while herding sheep in the Wyoming/Nebraska area.
It is noteworthy that the 1910 United States Census Reuben C. Hargraves and his wife, Josephine, are listed directly above the Pollock family who Jackson Pollock, the American artist, is a direct descendent.
Within the group of loose prints is a postcard from Robert V. Newton to Arlie Redington. Robert or Bobbie was a photographer for Western Drug Company born in 1889 to mother Flora E. Newton.
Information was unavailable for Gertie Lewis, the cook's helper at the ranch and F.M. Martin of Maryville, Missouri that wrote the poem.
Note written by Lee H. Whittlesey
Language of Materials
The collection contains a narrative poem, photographic album, and seperate photographs. Edward Traynor's grandfather, Fredrick Hamilton Redington, took the photographs in the album from 1905 on his annual summer trip to Yellowstone. The family made a summer trip out to Yellowstone yearly, because Redington's first wife, Phoebe Hargraves, was from Cody.
The collection is arranged with the poem first and then the photographs. All of the photographs in sheets come before the photograph album. All of the material is in orginial order.
Source of Acquisition
Method of Acquisition
The collection was a gift from Edward Traynor to the Yellowstone National Parks Archive and came to the Buffalo Bill Center of the West McCracken Research Library through a transfer.
- Martin, F.M. (Person)
- AS, 2019
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
Part of the McCracken Research Library Repository
720 Sheridan Ave.
Cody WY 82414-3428 US