MS 320 - Paul Dyck Collection
Collection consists of one tintype and 499 black and white and color photographs, postcards, and cartes de visites. Items mainly include Plains Indian subjects, Indian encampments, and Plains Indians involved in rites, ceremonies, rodeos, and fairs. Tribes included are Arapaho, Assiniboine, Blackfoot (Siksika, Piegan, and Kainah), Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Kiowa, Nez Percé, and Sioux.
- Created: 1865-1980
- Other: Date acquired: 09/20/2007
- Dyck, Paul (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
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Biographical or Historical Information
Paul Dyck was born in Chicago in 1917. His parents were pioneers among the Blackfeet in southern Alberta, Canada and lived among the tribe with their son. Dyck’s father began collecting artifacts that would later become the core of Paul Dyck’s artifact collection. When Dyck was eight years old his parents moved to Europe where Dyck, descendent of Flemish painter Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), followed the family tradition of studying art. He was apprenticed to his uncle Johann von Skramlik and served him in his studios in Florence, Prague, Rome, and Paris. By the time Dyck was fifteen he was studying and pursuing his talents at the Munich Academy. While in Germany he had a brief encounter with a Sioux Indian named One Elk, who was traveling with the Hagenbeck Circus.
In 1934 Dyck returned to the United States, working odd jobs until he could afford to travel to South Dakota to renew the relationship with One Elk and his family and live among the Sioux Indians. He was eventually adopted by One Elk and later by Lone Wolf. After a few years of traveling from reservation to reservation on the back of a motorcycle, Dyck bought a ranch in Rimrock, Arizona in 1938. Four years later he found himself serving the Navy during World War II. Afterwards Dyck returned to his ranch in Rimrock, Arizona to take on the role of lecturer, author, and rancher while pursuing his art and Indian artifact collection.
He died in March 2006 in the Sedona Woods Nursing Home near Sedona, Arizona.
Roland Reed was asked in 1913 to produce life size portraits of the Blackfoot Indians for the 1915 Panama-California Exposition in San Diego.
In 1931 Jessie Louise Donaldson married James Willard Schultz, with whom she co-authored the book "The Sun God's Children."
Told in the Hills is a 1919 movie shot mostly on location in Idaho using actual Nez Perce Indians to play Native American roles. It is the first feature film made in Idaho and is based on the novel by Marah Ellis Ryan.
John B. Monteith was appointed Indian agent under President Grant's new Peace Policy. This policy, put in place in 1868, gave various religious groups the responsibility to administer treaties and "civilize" the Indians.
Marshal Foch was commander of the Allied Forces during World War I and met Chief Plenty Coups during the consecration of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington. Later that year Foch visited Plenty Coups in Montana and smoked the peace pipe with him.
Note written by Jenny Ethington
Language of Materials
The Paul Dyck Collection of Plains Indian Buffalo Culture (No. 320) is arranged by tribe. Within each tribe portraits are arranged as identified portraits, identified scenes, unidentified portraits, and finally unidentified scenes. Identified portraits are listed in alphabetical order. Unidentified portraits are ordered by number of subjects in the photo (from least to greatest) starting with children, then women, then men.
Source of Acquisition
Paul Dyck Foundation
Method of Acquisition
Accruals and Additions
09/20/2007: Photos and negatives of BBHC, circa 1974.
Processed by Jenny Ethington, 2008.
- Archon Finding Aid Title
- Jenny Ethington, 2008; Samantha L. Harper, 2011;
- Description rules
- Other Unmapped
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note
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